Plants to Attract Butterflies
Here are some tips on creating a garden environment attractive to butterflies.
- Choose a warm, sunny location. Butterflies are warm-weather fans. Take advantage of warm southern exposures to prolong flowers of fall-blooming species.
- Plant in masses. Masses of colorful, fragrant flowers are more likely to capture the attention of a passing butterfly. One plant here and there will not be nearly as effective as three or more flowering plants grouped together.
- Choose flowers that are flat-topped or clustered and have short flower tubes. Butterflies like landing pads where they can sit comfortably to sip nectar.
- Choose flowers in yellow, orange, red, and pink. Butterflies prefer these colors, but they will also visit flowers of other colors.
- Plant with different blooming periods in mind. Butterflies may be on the wing at different times during the spring, summer and fall.
- Provide windbreaks. The butterflies wonít be buffeted by the wind and wonít have to expend extra energy as they fly about looking for food and mates.
- Provide flat stones or rocks. Butterflies like places to rest and places to bask in the sun.
- Provide areas of damp soil. Male butterflies like to take in salts and nutrients from muddy soils.
- Donít use herbicides or pesticides. Herbicides may kill larval foodplants; pesticides may kill both the caterpillars and adults.
Black-eyed Susan (Rudbeckia)
Blanket Flower (Gaillardia)
Cardinal Flower (Lobelia)
Phlox (Garden Phlox)
Pincushion Flower (Scabiosa)
Russian Sage (Perovskia)
Stone Crop (Sedum)
And most flowering herbs